Ginette KURGAN-VAN HENTENRYK,
Max-Léo Gérard, Souvenirs pour mes enfants, Bruxelles, Commission royale d’Histoire, 2012, xxxi-203 p. (ISBN 978-2-87044-008-7)
Pieter Bladelin, de Rijselse Rekenkamer en de stichting van Middelburg-in-Vlaanderen (ca. 1444-1472): de ambities van een opgeklommen hofambtenaar versus de bescherming van het vorstelijke domein, Brussel, Koninklijke Commissie voor Geschiedenis, 2012, CXLV-311 p. (reeks groot in-8°, C22). ISBN 978-2-87044-007-0
Un mitrailleur à l’Yser. La correspondance de guerre de Jean Pecher 1914-1918, Bruxelles, Commission royale d’Histoire, 2012, V-452 p. (série grand in-8°, C21). ISBN 978-2-87044-009-4
Émile Galet, Conseiller militaire du roi, Journal de campagne 26 octobre 1914 – 11 novembre 1918. Le commandement de l’armée belge et la question de la paix, Bruxelles, Commission royale d’Histoire, 2012, xxi-555 p. (ISBN 978-2-87044-010-0)
Two articles in the Bulletin reported (1842), and partially edited (1954), technical recipes for painters and illuminators, from c. 1200, which are preserved in Royal Library of Belgium MS 10147-58. The edition of 1954 omitted f. 26 vo as it was almost completely illegible. This paper identifies a series of parallel recipes from Montpellier MS H 277, c. 1350-1400. The similarities allow the content of f. 26 vo to be reconstructed. The Brussels MS is shown to be an important witness to an alternate textual tradition of the Romanesque craft treatise of Theophilus, its importance is confirmed as probably the earliest technical document relating to art from the Low Countries.
This contribution aims, with the help of seven accounts from the archives of the counts of Hainaut and Holland between 1304-1337, to shed light on the practices of paid employment at the court and in the count’s household. An analysis of the terms used in these documents to designate the services for wages and the people remunerated allows us to sketch a picture of the organisation of the comital household. Contrary to what normative texts, such as court ordinances, show us, these services were not rigidly structured according to a clearly defined schema. Rather they were (dis)organised pragmatically according to the changing daily needs of the count’s family, whose members were frequently travelling and often separated from one another, to the financial resources of the moment and to the fortuitous availability of the people involved to perform the various services. Over a period of roughly 25 years these snapshots reveal personnel with widely diverse skills, flexible and employable in multiple tasks, faithful to and valued by their employers but also often very active in other sectors than in the service of the count and his family.
This publication provides a critical edition of the lists of nobles and dignitaries that are preserved for different moments in the fifteenth and sixteenth century for the rural districts of Courtrai, Waas, Furnes and the Liberty of Bruges, as well as of a document that lists the nobility of the entire county in 1540-1543. Those documents are first and foremost important for future research into local elites, but they also help to contextualize a series of preserved surveys that cover the entire Flemish nobility and which were used by the central institutions of the Burgundian and Habsburg state to convoke the nobility for military duties. Those general surveys of the nobility were not the result of active prospecting by state officials, but must be understood as a compilation of more local lists of nobles and dignitaries that were provided by the administration of the rural districts of the county. In doing so, the central administration of the prince essentially relied on the judgment of the elites that dominated those local administrations to assess who was supposed to fulfill noble duties. As such, the documents edited in this contribution provide precious insight into processes of social hierarchisation in the upper layers of premodern Flemish society.
The majority of medieval accounts of the so-called cautside, the public pavement service of the town of Brussels, has been lost. Luckily, two documents dating from the 14th century have been preserved. Both are edited in this article: on the one hand the enrolled accounts for the year 1369-1370 and on the other a summary account for the period 1372-1379, which is conserved as an attachment to the urban edict of 22 October 1379. Obviously, the documents contain data on the operation and activities of the cautside itself, but are very interesting for the study of urban immigration, building materials and public works as well.
Within the framework of his seizure on the Duchy of Limburg and its appendants, Philippe the Bold orders in 1389 an investigation relating to his rights and the state of the fortresses which he just has acquired. This document was published in the Thirties by the historian Fritz Quicke. In 1406, Anthony of Burgundy, recently nominated Duke of Limburg, requires a new expertise of the castles in Limburg. In addition to a setting in prospect for these documents in their political context, this article proposes a critical edition of the act of 1406 as well as an analysis of its contents under the angle of the evolution from the way of besieging the cities.
Amis gothiques - Der Briefwechsel von August Reichensperger und Jean-Baptiste Bethune, 1858-1891, Brussel, 2011, xxii-239 p.